A new research performed by a group of scientists has discovered small “oases” under the oceans of the world. The corals existing there are notably fighting against the drastic climate change and are thriving the present threatened scenario. As a part of the research, the research team designed a framework, which could easily detect small coral communities that thrive against such harsh conditions whereas numerous others die off.
During their research period, the scientist scrutinized 4 major spots within the Caribbean and Pacific. Combining these new findings with the data received from these sites during the previous surveys, the scientists discovered small sections where these corals were found to be resisting and escaping from climate changes.
The study’s lead author, Dr. Guest of the Newcastle University, United Kingdom, said in a statement, “Coral reefs are in rapid, global decline but the severity of degradation is not uniform across the board and what we have identified are coral reefs that are doing better than their neighbors against the worst effects of climate change and local impacts.” The European Research Council Fellow further explained, “This glimmer of hope does not mean we can be complacent about the severity of the crisis facing most of the world’s coral reefs. But it does give us a starting point from which to understand why some ecosystems might be more resistant than others and to identify areas that warrant stronger protection or specific management strategies, such as restoration or mitigation.”
As said by the researchers, they detected around thirty-eight oases, which were further categorized as “escape”, “resist”, or “rebound.” Dr. Guest said that there exist many reasons for answering as to how a coral survives whereas the others in its neighborhood die. He explained the situation by saying, “It could be that the location is simply better for survival. The coral communities could possess biological or ecological characteristics that make them more resilient and able to resist damage. Or there may be ecological processes at play which means that the reef community is able to rebound more quickly after a disturbance.”
The findings of this new research were published in the Journal of Applied Ecology on Monday 18th June.